Steve Marsden’s

This effect is enhanced in buffers of higher capacities. The calculations which can correct for this problem are beyond the scope of this course. Just so you are aware: when a buffer solution of a certain pH is required in the lab it is generally either prepared from a commercial standard or a "recipe" to insure that the value will be correct.

  • Example 1
  • Example 2
  • Example 3
  • Example 4
  • Example 5
  • Example 6